AFFIDAVIT OF GERALD ARMSTRONG
and penalties of perjury that I have personal knowledge
and/or information and belief as to the following:
Personal Communications Unit in a condominium called King
Arthur's Court in Dunedin, Florida. L. Ron Hubbard was at that
time in Washington, D.C., with a small personal staff,
having fled from Florida in February or March 1976 because it
was feared that there might be an attempt to serve him with
a lawsuit in Florida. My job at Dunedin entailed, among other
duties, relaying mail and telexes between Mr. Hubbard in Wash-
ington D.C. and various Scientology organizations in Florida,
California and elsewhere.
Douglas, my senior and Mr. Hubbard's personal communications
expert who was with him in Washington, D.C., to set up a
permanent residence in southern California for Hubbard.
I was briefed at that time and sent on a mission to set up
a staging area in southern California for the permanent resi-
dence in California. In late May 1976, I drove with 3
other people, Gary Reisdorf, then my assistant, and Clarisse
Barnett and Jill Goodman, CMO members, to Los Angeles, where
we met with Duke Snyder, than Deputy Guardian US, the second
in command of the US Guardian's Office.
arranged the "staging area" for Mr. Hubbard in an apartment
complex in Culver City, California and was working on final-
izing a permanent residence which Mr. Hubbard had ordered.
I was taken by Mr. Snyder to the Culver City locations which
was code-named by the GO and Mr. Hubbard's personal staff,
"Astra." Astra consisted of three apartment units in the
complex. I set up a telex machine with telephone phonetic
coupler for Mr. Hubbard's telex communications to Scientology
organizations, and I established mail and freight lines to and
from Mr. Hubbard via the US Guardian's Office communications bureau.
Mary Sue Hubbard, then Controller of the Guardian's Office,
and her personal staff arrived at Astra and set up residence
and operations. A few days later Mr. Hubbard arrived with
the staff which had been with him in Washington, D.C., and
likewise set up residence and operations at Astra. During
this period I learned the specifics of Mr. Hubbard's plan
or residency following the Astra "staging area." I saw
several letters from Mr. Snyder to Mr. Hubbard, plus maps
and photographs, all concerning a home and property to be
purchased for Mr. Hubbard in La Quinta, California. Mr.
Hubbard had several requirements for the property, and I was
involved in gathering information of some of these, including
the availability of Cable television at the property.
the La Quinta property and lived there until 1979. There
were three adjacent properties in La Quinta purchased in
1976 for Mr. Hubbard, his family and personal staff. These
were named "Olives," "Palms," and "Reuffel Ranch" (called
"Rifle"). The Olives property was originally designated as
Mr. Hubbard's residence but he did not like it and chose
"Rifle" property as his and his wife's residence.
the Guardian's Office premises in Los Angeles and Washing-
ton, D.C., and because he feared that he might be implicated
in Guardian's Office operations and therefore indicted in the
FBI's Federal case, Mr. Hubbard temporarily fled from the
Rifle property at La Quinta with three CMO personnel, Pat
Broeker, Claire Rossouw and Diana Voegeding. He lived from
August 1977 to December 1977 in hiding in Sparks, Nevada,
but continued to communicate with CMO at the La Quinta pro-
perties during that period. I have personally seen letters
from Mr. Hubbard during this period to persons at the La Quinta
properties stating that he would be returning to his home in
La Quinta as soon as it was safe to do so, and issuing orders,
specifically to do with establishing and training a film crew
at La Quinta while he was away.
Hubbard resided at the "Rifle" property in La Quinta. At the
end of December 1977, it was determined that Mrs. Hubbard
would be indicted in the Federal criminal case, and Mr. Hub-
bard would not. Mrs. Hubbard left "Rifle" to take up resi-
dence in the Los Angeles area and Mr. Hubbard moved back to
Rifle from Nevada.
the "Rifle" property in La Quinta. I observed him almost
daily during this period and many times had guard duty at
his residence. A guard was always on duty, twenty-four hours
a day, at his residence, and during times when his wife visited
or stayed at the Rifle property there were at least two
guards on duty. The reason for this doubling of the guards
was that it was feared by Mr. Hubbard that Mrs. Hubbard
might be tailed by Federal agents to Mr. Hubbard's residence
in La Quinta.
of Mr. Hubbard's property and was instructed to stop any-
one who came onto the property. The guard carried a two-way
radio which transmitted an alarm signal to several other loca-
tions on the La Quinta properties, alerting several people of
a raid threat or someone attempting to serve papers on Mr.
Hubbard. A car was kept stationed beside Mr. Hubbard's
Rifle residence which was designated as a "get-away car,"
and which was never used for any other purpose.
and drilled in a "cover story" designed to " protect" and
cover up Mr. Hubbard's residing on the property. Each of
us did drills on how to "handle" a process server, including
denying that we knew Mr. Hubbard or that he lived on the pro-
perty. We were all instructed and drilled to say that the
property was owned by an attorney, Norton Karno, and we were
all Mr. Karno's friends. In fact, none of us had ever met
Mr. Karno, and he was Mr. Hubbard's tax attorney at the time.
number of renovations to his home at "Rifle" in La Quinta
and I participated in or supervised most of these renovations.
Ordered by Mr. Hubbard, and carried out by me or personnel in
my charge were: removal of all fiberglass insulation on
ducting and replacement with non-fibrous material, complete
cleaning of all ducting in the house, tiling his bedroom and
office spaces, carpeting his wife's bedroom and office space
and the living room, cleaning of all air conditioner and
evaporative cooler units and ducting, painting of interior
of complete house, cleaning the complete house, setting up
his library, setting up and inventorying his personal be-
longings stored on the Rifle and Olives property which con-
sisted of about a thousand boxes or equivalent large items
such as furniture.
the cover at La Quinta was "blown," and because he felt
in danger of being served with process, Mr. Hubbard decided
to acquire another property which would be safe for him to
reside and carry on his operations. He approved for purchase
a 500-acre golf course and resort complex at Gilman Hotsprings
near Hemet, California and about forty miles west of the
La Quinta properties. In December 1978, immediately following
the project to renovate Mr. Hubbard's residence at La Quinta,
I, and about twenty other personnel, were transferred to
Gilman Hotsprings to ready a house for Mr. Hubbard's resi-
of the house at Gilman Hotsprings for Mr. Hubbard were all
ordered by him and the funds for these were all approved
by him. The renovation project included: the complete
stripping of attic insulation and cleaning of the attic;
re-wiring of the complete house; tiling of Mr. Hubbard's
bedroom; carpeting of Mrs. Hubbard's bedroom and the living
room, dining room and other rooms; installation of new fix-
tures in the bathrooms according to his specifications;
fabrication of custom-made drapes from materials approved
by Mr. Hubbard' painting of the complete interior of the
house according to a color scheme and paint types ordered
by Mr. Hubbard; the installation of an air conditioner
unit approved by Mr. Hubbard; the installation of new doors
and cupboards according to orders or approval by Mr. Hubbard;
the purchase of decorations according to Mr. Hubbard's in-
structions; grounds work, including the purchases and planting
of several thousand dollars worth of trees ordered by Mr.
Hubbard; the grading and asphalting of a vehicle parking
area adjacent to the house ordered by Mr. Hubbard; the in-
stallation of a sophisticated television antenna system
approved by Mr. Hubbard; the installation of a lightning
rod approved by Mr. Hubbard; the renovation of an adjacent
building to be used as living quarters by Mr. Hubbard's
personal steward, Mr. Paco Suarez; and other project steps.
1979 supervised, the renovation of resort villa suites
which were designated as office spaces for Mr. Hubbard and
Mrs. Hubbard. Here, as with his house at Gilman Hotsprings,
Mr. Hubbard ordered or approved the renovations, materials
used, decor and decorations. Included in this part of the
project were: tiling of Mr. Hubbard's office; tiling of
Mr. Hubbard's music room and library; installation of new
fixtures according to Mr. Hubbard's specifications in the
bathrooms in these areas; new carpeting of Mrs. Hubbard's
office and offices for Mr. Hubbard's CMO personnel and Mrs.
Hubbard's secretary; installation of new air conditioner
units according to Mr. Hubbard's approval; installation of
a high quality radio antenna for his music room according
to his approval; the fabrication of special throw rugs
according to his orders; contracting for two wall hung tap-
estries to be woven according to his orders; fabrication of
special sound-insulating drapes according to his orders;
construction of doorways between the various villa units
in his office spaces according to his orders; the purchase
and installation of a refrigerator in one of the office spaces
for his use; and other steps.
Hubbard lived, along with about ten personal staff, in an
apartment complex in Hemet about five miles from the Gilman
Hotsprings property. He did not move into the house at
Gilman Hotsprings because early in 1979 its renovation was
not complete and later it was considered unsafe for him
to live on the property, its cover having been "blown" in
Riverside, California and Florida newspapers.
property several times in 1979, however, each time traveling
in the back of a panel van. I was then in charge of Mr. Hub-
bard's personal household unit at Gilman Hotsprings and had
to ensure that his van got onto the property without being
followed or seen, even by other staff at the property.
Mr. Hubbard came to the property either to supervise filming
at a studio which had been built on the property or to meet
with his wife or family on the property. On such occasions,
Mrs. Hubbard also arrived secretively and I had to ensure
she was not followed or observed coming onto the property.
he went to his house and had a meal which was usually cooked
by his personal chef, Sinar Parman, and served by his personal
steward, Mr. Suarez. No one else but Mr. Hubbard had use
of or access to the house, unless it was his personal staff
carrying out renovations or cleaning the house. Practically
every time Mr. Hubbard was in the house he ordered a change
or some new work. On one occasion, for example, he ordered
a serving table to be built for the dining room. On another
occasion he ordered special dacron filter material to be
taped over each window in the house. And on one occasion
he smelled mildew on my LRH renovations unit and I had to
tear out bathroom and bedroom walls, install a new shower
stall and rebuild the walls.
springs property his personal belongings which had been moved
from the La Quinta property when that property was abandoned
and sold because it was "blown." Mr. Hubbard's personal be-
longings, consisting of furniture, bedding, art pieces, house-
hold goods, appliances, papers and writings, etc. occupied the
complete top floor of a former hotel on the Gilman Hotsprings
property. One of my juniors, Brenda Black, was responsible
for storage and inventory of these belongings. None of Mr.
Hubbard's belongings in storage could be taken out without
his express permission.
several villa suites devoted to storage of Mr. Hubbard's
personal effects. One contained his personal collection of
photographs and photographic equipment. This suite was
specially climatized for the storage of these items, ac-
cording to Mr. Hubbard's instructions. Another villa suite
contained Mr. Hubbard's excess and seldom used clothing,
hung on racks or stored in trucks. Another villa suite con-
tained Mr. Hubbard's library of books.
vation of living quarters for Mr. Hubbard's children, Arthur,
Suzette and Diana and her husband at Gilman Hotsprings.
Special units were renovated for each of Mr. Hubbard's chil-
dren on the property, the work to be done and the location of
each unit being approved by Mr. Hubbard and carried out by
his personal renovations staff of which I was in charge.
and offices at Gilman Hotsprings was to be custom made ac-
cording to a motif worked out and orders from Mr. Hubbard.
To carry out this plan he authorized the purchase of car-
pentry tools costing several thousand dollars and the es-
tablishment of an LRH carpentry unit, with personnel and
equipment separate from the other organization units at
Gilman Hotsprings. This carpentry unit also produced special
recording equipment stands for Mr. Hubbard which were sent
to him at his Hemet location. The LRH carpentry unit also
produced custom work for Mr. Hubbard's children's living
quarters on the property.
senior, Kima Douglas, the head of Mr. Hubbard's personal
household unit, I became involved in a project Mr. Hubbard
had originated to build him a completely new house somewhere
near Hemet. Mr. Hubbard had had a staff member in the Gilman
Hotsprings film company music department, Barry Stein, who
was also an architect draft plans for a huge private resi-
dence. It was to be a specially built structure, all trian-
gular rooms and buildings, and all on pilings, patterned
on Mr. Hubbard's orders, after Frank Lloyd Wright's Imperial
Hotel in Tokyo, so as to be earthquake-proof. It would
have a number of buildings for personal staff, and it would
be surrounded by a high block wall with openings for gun
emplacements. I had blueprints made of the plans and obtained
some information on materials for Mr. Stein. Mainly I acted
as relay point between Mr. Stein and Mr. Hubbard when Mr.
Stein's plans went back and forth to Mr. Hubbard.
to a mission to locate a property for Mr. Hubbard on which
he could build the house Mr. Stein had designed. There were
several criteria given by Mr. Hubbard: the property had
to be within a half hour drive of Gilman Hotsprings in Cali-
fornia; it had to be in a non-black area; it had to be in
a dust-free area; it had to be in a defensible area, i.e.,
with no higher surrounding areas from which a rifle could
shoot into the compound; and it had to be built on bedrock.
I spent about two weeks on this mission and finally located
a property which seemed to meet all of Mr. Hubbard's require-
ments. I sent a proposal to Mr. Hubbard, it was approved
and I was sent a deposit to open an escrow. Mr. Hubbard
and Mrs. Douglas visited the property I had located, which
was near Perris, California, and examined it. Mrs. Douglas
then told me not to proceed with the purchase because al-
though Mr. Hubbard was very pleased with the property he had,
at the last minute, decided to build the new house on the
Gilman Hotsprings property.
of the Gilman Hotsprings property in order to choose the best
location on which to build, since an earthquake fault ran
through the property. Also an executive on the Gilman Hot-
springs staff, Bill Robertson, who is also an engineer,
became involved, and the project passed over to him. In
late 1981, when I left Scientology, the plan was still
active. On a visit to Gilman Hotsprings in 1981, I ob-
served Mr. Stein and another staff member, Stuart Moreau,
working on Mr. Stein's plans for this house.
of another project which was to have constructed and decorated
another office for Mr. Hubbard, this one in a movie studio
built in 1979 on the Gilman Hotsprings property. I worked
with one of my juniors at the time, Laurel Van Dyne, the
LRH Decor-In-Charge, on a proposal for the interior decora-
tion of the office which went to Mr. Hubbard and was ap-
proved by him. He also approved funds for the whole project
and I purchased most of the supplies, materials, fabric,
fixtures and appliances which were to go into this office.
As part of this project, photographs of various Scientology
movie and entertainment personalities were solicited from
them, signed by them and with messages of respect to Mr.
Hubbard. These were to be framed and were to be part of
the decor of this office.
Hemet residence to another location in Southern California,
because it was again determined that his whereabouts
might be known to authorities or litigants and he would
be served a summons or subpoena. Only two people, Pat
Broeker and Annie Broeker, from his CMO unit, went with
him. The rest of his staff from Hemet returned to Gilman
Hotsprings. These people, who were called the "X" staff,
approximately ten in all, carried on a bizarre scheme to
keep their identities secret so that they could later rejoin
Mr. Hubbard when he would again set up a larger secret base.
They worked, lived and ate separately from the rest of the
Gilman Hotsprings staff, they were never visible to outsiders,
they wore disguises or hats which covered their faces, and
they traveled, even when only going between buildings on
the Gilman Hotsprings property, in a blacked-out van.
they moved to another Southern California location. It was
known that they were in Southern California because Pat Broeker
could, and did quite often, on very little notice, show up
in the Los Angeles area to handle some business with Mr. Hub-
bard. Generally, this was financial business with Mr. Hubbard's
personal accounts staff. It was also known, among Mr. Hubbard's
personal office staff, of which I was a part, that another
CMO member, David Miscavige, who lived at Gilman Hot-
springs, was Mr. Hubbard's main contact to all the Scientology
organizations. Mr. Miscavige relayed communications to Mr.
Hubbard and the Broekers, and received Mr. Hubbard's communi-
cations and orders for implementation.
still residing in, and intends to continue to reside in,
Southern California. A mission composed of CMO members,
sent by Mr. Hubbard in 1981 to resolve his legal troubles,
was given the order by him to establish an "all clear
date." This would be the date when all the court cases in-
volving Mr. Hubbard had been won or charges against him had
been dropped and it would be safe for him to come out of
hiding and return to Gilman Hotsprings. At one point the
date set was October 1981 and this was moved up to Decem-
ber 1981. It was in anticipation of an "all clear" that
the work on Mr. Hubbard's house and offices at Gilman Hot-
springs in 1981 was ordered completed.
Hubbard has resided in Southern California since June of
1976. Also, his wife has resided in Southern California
during that time and his children are all residents in
Southern California. Additionally, the people who were con-
sidered Mr. Hubbard's personal staff all reside in Southern
persons in senior positions in Scientology, as directed by
Mr. Hubbard to lie about his involvement with Scientology,
his control of operations and finances, and his whereabouts,
even from other Scientologists. I had personal knowledge
of an operation by the Guardian's Office to plant the false
story in the international press that Mr. Hubbard was planning
to purchase an estate in Ireland. The was done to cover up
the fact that Mr. Hubbard was planning to establish a resi-
dence in California.
Scientologists and authorities in Clearwater that Mr. Hubbard
had left the area he had one of his personal staff at the
Dunedin location sign his name to despatches sent him from
Scientology staff members. This staff member, Joyce Popham,
was so proficient at forging his signature and handwriting
that she wrote messages like "very well done," "thank you
very much" and similar things in Mr. Hubbard's handwriting
back to organization staff who knew his writing. The for-
geries were never discovered. The practice of having one
of his staff sign his signature was on Mr. Hubbard's orders
and was very common. It was used to give the impression Mr.
Hubbard was someplace he wasn't or to cover up some other
activity. Staff members whom I knew personally to have signed
Mr. Hubbard's name to letters, contracts or legal documents
or in inscriptions in books, were: Aletheia Taylor, Janice
Kennedy, Laurie Jensen, Joyce Popham, Sue Anderson, Laurel
persons in senior positions in Scientology, as directed and
allowed by Mr. Hubbard, to originate communications in Mr.
Hubbard's name as pretending to come from Mr. Hubbard, with-
out these communications ever being shown to him. The pur-
pose of this was to create an impression that Mr. Hubbard
was doing something that he wasn't actually doing; or was
somewhere he actually was not. Persons that I knew personally
to have originated such communications were: Laurel Sullivan,
Sue Anderson, Aletheia Taylor, Pat Brice, Laurie Jensen.
Mr. Hubbard and those in senior positions in Scientology
to actually lie about Mr. Hubbard's whereabouts and activi-
ties. Mr. Hubbard stated, as part of his defense in what
is known in Scientology as the "French fraud case" in which
he was convicted of fraud, that he had never even been in
France. That was a lie. Mr. Hubbard lived for a period of
time in the late 1960's, in a villa in Marseille, France.
Guardian's Office premises in Los Angeles and Washington,
D.C., the people in senior positions in the CMO and the GO
ordered and had carried out a massive campaign to locate and
destroy all the evidence in every organization in the US
which showed Mr. Hubbard's control of the organizations
and their finances. I was involved in this campaign in
Clearwater, Florida, at the La Quinta property and at
Gilman Hotsprings. Hundreds of thousands of pages were
destroyed. On the La Quinta and Gilman Hotsprings properties
we were required to destroy, in addition to materials which
showed Mr. Hubbard's control of Scientology and his connection
with the Guardian's Office, any despatches or memos to and
from Mr. Hubbard which showed he lived on these properties,
intended to live there or had issued orders to do with these
properties. At Gilman Hotsprings I was required to destroy
all the memos I had received from Mr. Hubbard ordering work
to be done on his house and offices. Also I was required
to destroy any despatch or memo from anyone which mentioned
the house and office spaces as being Mr. Hubbard's. In
early 1980, when a raid by government agencies was announced
as threatened at Gilman Hotsprings, a commercial paper
shredder was rented, brought to the property and operated
day and night for over two weeks to destroy the massive
pile of evidence which linked Mr. Hubbard to Scientology
organization, Guardian's Office operations and the properties
in Southern California.
this 19th day of October, 1982.