FALSE REPORT CORRECTION
CHURCH OF SCIENTOLOGY OF CALIFORNIA (Plaintiff)
VS GERALD ARMSTRONG (Defendant)
June 20, 1984
Armstrong is a former clerk for the Church of Scientology of California who,
as part of his duties, was entrusted with the care of thousands of pages of
belonging to L. Ron Hubbard. In December 1981, Armstrong left the Church, and
him over 10,000 pages of records belonging to Mr. Hubbard, Mrs. Hubbard and
This included 5,000 pages of original documents for which no copy was left
1982, the Church filed suit against Armstrong for return of these documents.
Judge Paul Breckenridge, who presided over the case in the California Superior
that in taking the documents, Armstrong "may have engaged in overkill, in
the sense that he
took voluminous materials, some of which appear only marginally relevant to
Armstrong pleaded "justification," claiming that his theft of the
materials was necessary as
insurance against suits or attacks against him by the Church.
Apart from his
comments on Armstrong's "overkill," Breckenridge's findings were
highly negative about the Church and Mr. Hubbard, showing the extent to which
aired in the courtroom by Armstrong had impinged on him.
Since the case
was heard, Armstrong has adopted a hippy life-style. He is the
self-proclaimed founder of the "Organization of United Renunciants."
A November 1992 article
in the Marin
Independent Journal featured a photograph of an apparently naked
closed and smiling, sitting in a lotus position embracing a globe.
stated that "Gerald Armstrong has an idea for dealing with the national
-- write it off. Forget it. It doesn't exist."
"It's that easy.
novel prescription for fixing the fiscal fiasco is only part of Armstrong's
message that money should be abolished . ... Armstrong can count only a
handful of friends as
converts, but he is trying to get the word out. Detailed proposals have gone
out to Bill Clinton,
Ross Perot and Pete Wilson (no one has tapped him for an economic advisory
post just yet). He
has also written to the New York Times and other mega-media.
Koppel has not called."
FALSEHOOD IN FINDINGS BY JUDGE BRECKENRIDGE:
Church or its minions is fully capable of intimidation or other physical or
psychological abuse if it suits their ends. The record is replete with
evidence of such abuse."
Incontrovertible evidence, not available at the time of the trial and not
permitted to be
included in the appeal record, has established that Armstrong's justification
defense was a fraud
upon the court, designed to avoid liability for his tortious conduct and to
adjudication of the Church's claims.
custodian of confidential Church papers, Armstrong had a fiduciary
responsibility not to disclose these documents to individuals outside the
Church. In breach of this
obligation, Armstrong loaned the documents to one Omar Garrison, an author who
at one time
had been retained to write a biography of Mr. Hubbard, a project which fell
gave these documents to Garrison not to assist him in writing the biography
but to enable
Garrison to deliver them to attorneys representing litigants involved in suits
against the Church.
In April 1982,
Armstrong also made contact with Michael J. Flynn, who was the lead
attorney in more than a dozen lawsuits against the Church. Armstrong showed
Flynn two of the
most intensely private archival documents. Thereafter, from May until August
continued to give stolen documents to Flynn for use in Flynn's cases against
the Church, even
though the litigation did not involve Armstrong. Ultimately, Armstrong gave
of documents, including original and private naval records and diaries of Mr.
Hubbard from the
On May 26 and
May 27, 1982, the Church wrote to Armstrong demanding return of
all the stolen documents, but Armstrong denied having them. Subsequently,
that he indeed had possessed the stolen documents on those dates.
Trial began in
May 1984. The Court received the testimony of Armstrong and his
witnesses, many of whom were clients of attorney Flynn in other actions
against the Church.
These witnesses for Armstrong were permitted to testify as to Armstrong's
state of mind. The Court did not permit the Church to present any of its own
witnesses to rebut
the testimony of hostile witnesses about Armstrong's alleged "state of
also heard "evidence" from Armstrong consisting of distortions,
half-truths, and outright falsehoods, amounting to a justification defense
that Armstrong had
stolen the documents to protect himself in the event of "
retaliation" by the Church.
trial, the Church has discovered new evidence which was completely
unavailable at the time of trial. This evidence shows conclusively that
defense was a sham and a fraud. He was not remotely in fear of retaliation by
the Church and
was actively plotting the Church's downfall.
considered the stolen materials useful riot only as a lever against the Church
and the Hubbards in then-ongoing litigation with Flynn's clients, but he also
sought to use the
materials in pursuit of his plan to undermine the Church for his own financial
As part of his
plan, Armstrong actively sought out Church staff members who would
be willing to "defect" and assist him in discrediting Church
leadership. After leaving the Church,
he contacted Church member Daniel Sherman to enlist Sherman's aid in attacking
Sherman, without Armstrong's knowledge, consulted Church staff for advice. It
was decided that
the Church would obtain authorization from the Los Angeles Police Department
"undercover" videotapes of Armstrong's conversations with Sherman
and any other Church
dissidents or defectors.
authorized the investigation and videotapes, at which point Sherman
embarked on an effort to ascertain the full extent of Armstrong's intentions.
informed Armstrong that a group of staff members who were dissatisfied with
Church management might be interested in working with him in his efforts to
Church. This wholly fictitious group was dubbed "the Loyalists."
enlisted the aid of two other persons, David Kluge and Mike Rinder, who
agreed to pose as "Loyalists" and meet with Armstrong. Kluge assumed
the code name "Joey,"
and first met with Armstrong in the late summer of 1984.
"Joey" that part of his plan was to use the auspices of the Internal
Revenue Service to attack the Church. Armstrong wanted "Joey" to
plant in the Church's files
the documents Armstrong would fabricate, so that Armstrong could tell the
Investigation Division (CID) of the Los Angeles IRS office to conduct a raid
and find the
"incriminating" documents. He reassured "Joey" that he
would be able to create the needed
documents "with relative ease" since he had done "it for a
explained to "Joey" how he intended to go about forging the new
documents, based on his experience: ARMSTRONG: "So it seems to me that
the use of the
communication lines, I don't know maybe you guys are using them, but it seems
to me that you
don't have a way of printing anything to get an issue on the lines, used for
anything. Right? I'm
saying that I can do it. I can type those goddam things and duplicate them and
make them look
exactly the same. You can't, you would not be able to tell the
made it clear that he had developed a personal program intended to
undermine and eventually destroy the Church. His goals were to oust the
of Scientology, to obtain an advisory position within the restructured Church
by becoming a
consultant to the "Loyalists" and to plunder the Church for his own
financial gain. His program
to remove current Church management included the filing of a civil suit, based
on evidence that
he would manufacture. In a conversation with another co-conspirator, who,
Armstrong, was still faithful to the Church, he insisted that the suit could
be launched based on
manufactured allegations. ARMSTRONG: "They can allege it! They can allege
it! They don't
even have - they can allege it!" MIKE: "So, they don't have to --
like, they don't have
to have the document sitting in front of them, and then...." ARMSTRONG:
"I'm f-king saying the
organization destroys the documents....!" MIKE: "The point -- the
point I'm trying to get across
is that that's not criminal. That's the -- that's the civil complaint in there
and that would have
to be proven." ARMSTRONG: "Show me the lines you're talking
about." MIKE: "Well, it's
over here." ARMSTRONG: "Where are the -- we don't have to prove a
goddam thing. We
don't have to prove sh-t. We just have to allege it. Section 2
meetings between Armstrong and his "co-conspirators," Armstrong
in detail his plans for bringing about the collapse of the Church so that he
and the other
"Loyalists" could move in and take over. Armstrong's goal, as
revealed in his own words
on videotape, was to overthrow existing Church management and to set up in its
place a new set
of Church executives who would settle all of the civil damages suits brought
against the Church
by the attorneys representing Armstrong. His plans included planting forged
documents in Church files, to be discovered by a government raid, and
blackmailing a senior
Scientologist executive through attempted sexual entrapment. Section 3
In sum, Armstrong's plans consisted of:
A) Stealing documents from the Church to serve as models for forgeries.
B) Plotting the forgery of false incriminating evidence in Church files.
C) Orchestrating a coup in which agents of Armstrong and the U.S. government
wrest control of the Church of Scientology from its lawful management; Section
D) Suborning perjury in order to keep his conspiracy under cover. Section 7
worked closely with Michael Flynn and two members of the IRS CID,
Al Lipkin and Al Ristuccia. In late summer or early fall of 1984, Armstrong
and explained that he and his IRS contacts had come up with a plan to create
and plant these on Church premises, where they would be seized in a CID raid.
Armstrong the IRS agents wanted the "Loyalists" to plant covert
electronic bugs in Church
offices. Armstrong offered eavesdropping and special photographic equipment.
informed Joey that the "Loyalists" would be placed in the federal
protection program and would receive tax-exempt status in exchange for
participating in the
Breckenridge, who in his decision praised Armstrong for his "
dedication" to the
truth, would have been astonished had he witnessed Armstrong's discussions
with "Joey." In one
of them, available on tape, Armstrong instructed "Joey" how to
lie under oath about their plans
to disrupt Church management. Armstrong wanted "Joey," if deposed,
to say that he and
Armstrong had merely discussed a "global settlement" of Church
"OK, what are our conversations, should it come down to it?" JOEY:
"What do you mean?"
ARMSTRONG: "What do we talk about? You're deposed. You walk out there,
and there's a
PI hands you a paper, saying you're deposed Jack, and not only that, you're
out of the
organization. And what do you say in deposition. Well, Armstrong and I talked
about this, and
he had a whole bunch of ideas about how to infiltrate the communication lines
turmoil and disaster, you know. What are we doing here? That's my question,
before I tell you
my ideas on documents." JOEY: Well, what I got is basically -- Loyalists
gotta -- we gotta
move -- we've got the suit coming up and I guess we need other lines to get
stuff going ...."
ARMSTRONG: "OK. So as far as the doc... Let me just say, ah, you and I
get together, we
get together because we have a goal of global settlement. You have felt that
the turmoil and
abuses and so on have gone on too long... Hence we get together and discuss
things. We have
not discussed anything about a destruction of the tech, or Scientology is bad,
or anything like
that. Are we agreed?"
successfully used the fabricated defense of justification to pull the wool
Breckenridge's eyes and escape liability for his theft and breach of
confidence. During one
meeting with "Joey," Armstrong's alleged claim that he "
feared" Church retaliation was revealed
as a complete falsehood. JOEY: "Well you're not hiding!" ARMSTRONG:
"You're not hiding." ARMSTRONG: "F-k no! And...." JOEY:
"You're not afraid, are you?"
ARMSTRONG: "No! And that's why I'm in a f-king stronger position than
they are!" JOEY:
"How's that?" ARMSTRONG: "Why, I'll bring them to their knees!
of Armstrong's fraudulent intentions was revealed in a declaration of
November 18, 1991, in which he admitted that he never intended to stick to the
terms of the
settlement agreement he signed with the Church in 1986. In his declaration,
that he had read and understood the settlement agreement, but that he "
put on a happy face" and
went through the charade of signing it even though he told his lawyers that he
to keep to its terms. Armstrong's stated reason for signing the agreement in
the full knowledge
that he would violate it later is so that he could receive the "
financial wherewithal" to "get on
with the next phase of [his] life." Section 8
willingness to believe Armstrong is partly attributable to Armstrong's
own skill as a con-man, and partly to Breckenridge's own history as a judge
his misperception of the Church of Scientology.
Breckenridge spent 15 years of his life, from 1953 to 1968, defending alleged
criminals in the Los Angeles Public Defender's office. Breckenridge went into
the L.A. Superior
Court in 1968 and was assigned to criminal trials up until 1974. It was not
until 1978 that
Breckenridge moved to civil cases.
history shows that he came under attack several times as a judge in the
criminal court, including having suits filed against him for violation of
civil rights. Breckenridge
has been sued together with staff from the Los Angeles District Attorney's
office, the California
Attorney General's office and others in the field of law enforcement.
On December 8,
1971, a Ronald Fobbs filed suit against Breckenridge and several
others including the L.A. District Attorney. The suit was filed over an
incident whereby Fobbs
spent two years in jail unnecessarily. Because Fobbs had never waived his
right to a jury trial,
when the decision in his case was reversed he sued Breckenridge and others
involved in the case.
He did not pursue it.
In July 1973,
Breckenridge was sued together with L.A. District Attorney Joseph Busch
and other law enforcement personnel, again on charges of violations of federal
plaintiff was a John Aravjo, who asked for $20,000 compensatory damages plus
punitive damages from each plaintiff. Aravjo filed suit claiming harassment
and deprivation of
his right to a fair and speedy trial, but again, it was not followed through.
indicate that Breckenridge was weak in cases involving civil rights or the
defense of basic freedoms. Further, in regard to the Church of Scientology,
many years in the L.A. Court system meant he was familiar with court cases
of the former Guardian's Office of the Church. This office had been an
charged with responsibility for public relations, investigative and legal
matters. It was disbanded
by Church management and no longer exists.
decision, Breckenridge referred to the Guardian's Office (GO) and showed that
he had confused the GO with the Church of Scientology. He failed to realize
that it is current
Church management which abolished the GO and restructured the external- facing
the Church from scratch. By the time the Armstrong case went to trial, current
the Church had already taken decisive steps to ensure that a repetition of the
incidents that led
to the imprisonment of eleven GO members would never occur again.
these facts, Breckenridge assumed that the Guardian's Office and the
Church were one and the same. This misperception made him an easy target for
adopted the deliberate tactic of exploiting the judge's faulty perception of
interview that he gave to the Rocky Mountain News in February 1983, Mr.
Hubbard made clear that the GO actions which led to indictments were totally
policies of the Church. He said, "I learned about it [the case] like
everyone else -- after the fact
-- and could only shake my head in dismay... Whatever they did, if they did
it, was in violation
of any policy I ever wrote while Executive Director, years ago, and I think
all those people have
been removed, as I understand that there is an entirely new hierarchy in the
fact, Scientologists do charitable work, thousands are active in remedying
abuse, crime and illiteracy and nearly all are active in some way to improve
These facts about the Church never came to Breckenridge's notice.
FALSEHOOD IN FINDINGS BY JUDGE BRECKENRIDGE:
[Scientology] under the pretext of 'freeing humans' is nothing in reality
but a vast
enterprise to extract the maximum amount of money from its adepts.
The Church of
Scientology is not a money-making enterprise; it is, as numerous courts
have affirmed, a religion. In country after country, courts have exhaustively
philosophy and practice of Scientology and upheld its religious bona fides.
recognition which upheld the religious nature of Scientology was issued
from the United States Court of Appeals in 1969. The court ruled, "the
Founding Church of
Scientology has made out a prima facie case that it is a bona fide
religion.... a prima facie case
exists that auditing [counseling] is a practice of Scientology, and that
accounts of auditing
integrated into the general theory of Scientology are religious
doctrines." Section 9
Scientology's status as a religion, the U.S. District Court for the District
of Columbia stressed equal treatment for religions under the Constitution. In
1983, the court
stated that "the Church of Scientology must be treated the same as any
established religion or
denominational sect within the United States, Catholic, Protestant or
In 1985, in
the Superior Court of California, Judge Norman L. Epstein emphasised that
the Church's religious nature was not open to question. "The supporting
documents for the
proposition that Scientology is a religion do more than make a prima facie
case; they make a
strong case," Epstein ruled.
Many of these
recognitions are reproduced in a booklet published by the Church,
entitled Winning! Victories of the Church of Scientology. Section 10
Since the mid-
1970s 14 Scientology Churches have been recognized as Churches and
as tax-exempt religious organizations by the Internal Revenue Service.
outside the United States, Scientology has also achieved recognition as a
religion from numerous courts, including the High Court of Australia. In 1983,
five judges of
the High Court found unanimously that "The conclusion that [Scientology]
is a religious
institution entitled to tax exemption is irresistible." Section 11
again, Court findings have stressed that the income received by the Church
is used for no other purpose than to further the religious aims of
On 12 October
1988, the Administrative Court in Berlin ruled that there was no
evidence that income received by the Church went to private individuals. The
court found that,
"Plaintiff [the Church] showed that the gained income is used for the
religious and philosophical
activities of the associations in Germany and also in other
countries...." Section 12
On 30 January
1985, the District Court of Stuttgart, Germany had issued a clear- cut
ruling which made the same point:
court has no indication that the assumption that books available for purchase,
brochures or other study and information materials would not serve this
religious purpose; the
same is valid for the course seminars and auditing being subject to a
contribution fee, all of
which -- according to the self-understanding of the concerned and his church
-- constitute direct
religious actions and customs, and immediately serve a religious purpose or
religiously motivated." Section 13
September 1990, the District Court of Hanover repeated that funds collected by
the Church were used solely to further the religious activities of
In Italy, the
Church has also been found qualified for tax-exemption on the basis of its
being a religious not a commercial activity.
are some examples:
On 27 March 1990,
the Tax Commission in Monza ruled that, "It is the opinion of this
Commission that the nature of the activities carried out by plaintiff are
apparently aimed at the
dissemination of doctrinal and religious principles, and certainly not of a
September 1990, the Tax Commission in Torino stated that "the religious
of Scientology is to be taken as ascertained.
given by believers for the services received and the contributions paid by
them in order to receive services and various materials, doesn't change the
essential nature of
the services..." Section 15
On 25 November
1991, the First Tax Court of Como stated, "There remains no doubt
as to the transactions under discussion being non-commercial in nature, thus
Finally, on 2
July 1991, the Milano Appeals Court reiterated that the delivery of books
and services by the Church in exchange for a fee is not a commercial activity
and not subject
A study of the
financial intake of various religions found remuneration for local leaders
of the Church of Scientology was 2.5 % of the Church's gross intake but for
staff and ministers
of the Roman Catholic, Lutheran and Reformed (United) Churches remuneration
26.7%, 30.8% and 40.1% respectively.
statements and decisions, and many others, make plain that Scientology is
a religion and that the Church of Scientology is organized for one purpose
only: to disseminate
the religious philosophy of Scientology to the people of Earth.
FALSEHOOD IN FINDINGS BY JUDGE BRECKENRIDGE:
organization clearly is schizophrenic and paranoid.
is completely absurd. Scientology, in its 42 years, has expanded to over
1,100 churches, missions and other groups throughout the world. That expansion
is built on a
solid record of helping people lead happier, better lives.
Dean M. Kelley, Counselor on Religious Liberty for the National
Council of Churches, has written that he has befriended "a number of
Scientologists -- some
high in the organization -- over the years.... I have found them to be
public-spirited and committed people...."
The Church of
Scientology is also active in making improvements in the community;
Scientologists are out there, involved, visible and effective.
helped to create a safe environment during the riots in LA, when
Scientologists surrounded an entire city block at Hollywood and Vine and
earned the gratitude
of neighbors for protecting their property. No weapons were carried by the
formed this protective cordon. Yet the measure was effective. The Times of
London noted that
during the worst day of the riots, the city block guarded by Scientologists
was one of the very
few in Hollywood Boulevard where no business was torched or looted. Section 17
also takes part in programs to assist the less fortunate. For many years the
Church of Scientology in Los Angeles has worked with the Department of
of Los Angeles County to provide toys and Christmas holiday entertainment for
under the Department's care. These children are, most commonly, from broken
families or are
victims of abuse. The contributions made by Scientologists have resulted in
commendations from the Department.
numerous proclamations and expressions of support for the Church and
its social reform campaigns have come in from mayors, politicians, law
artists and community leaders in the U.S., Canada, Britain, Italy, Australia,
France and many other countries.
enjoys a high profile. In 1991, it completed the largest outreach campaign
in its history, involving a series of full-page color ads placed in USA Today.
These ads began
in June and continued appearing every weekday, and later, every second
until October. The advertisements covered major areas where Scientologists
are active, including
the reform of the press and the exposure of psychiatric drugs and human rights
Follow-up ads expounded on the religion of Scientology itself, including its
and the personal testimonies and photographs of some of its members. Section
concluded the series of ads with a public information campaign on the
Internal Revenue Service which inspired more than 14,000 supportive letters
and phone calls
from readers of USA Today.
aroused intense media interest and established the Church of Scientology
as one of the most powerful social reform groups in the world.
FALSEHOOD IN FINDINGS BY JUDGE BRECKENRIDGE:
portrays a man [LRH] who has been virtually a pathological liar when
it comes to his history, background, and achievements. The writings and
documents in evidence
additionally reflect his egoism, greed, avarice, lust for power, and
aggressiveness against persons perceived by him to be disloyal or hostile.
based his comments on allegations made by Armstrong concerning Mr.
Hubbard's past. Yet, Armstrong's incompetence as a researcher is well
it was Armstrong's lack of research into the various facts and incidents
regarding Mr. Hubbard's
life that led him to his false claims.
In the court
transcripts, Armstrong admitted to his own incompetence as a researcher.
cross-examined concerning his "research" regarding L. Ron Hubbard's
career as an officer in the Navy during World War II, Armstrong stated the
1. He was
never trained in how to research a biography.
2. He never
searched out and obtained official documents from any agency of the
United States government.
3. He was not
aware that there was an agency of the United States Navy that kept
records of ships.
4. He never
attempted to find out what data the Naval Historical Center had on the
subchaser 815, the ship under the command of L. Ron Hubbard during World War
concluded that Hubbard was not a Commander of a squadron of Corvettes
as he did not do the necessary research to locate the documents in Navy
files which established
that Hubbard was in command of a squadron of Corvettes (English term for
Armstrong was not even aware that the initials SC stood for Submarine Chaser.
questioned during the trial on evidence substantiating Mr. Hubbard's combat
record, Armstrong admitted that he merely "went through some books on the
subject. But that
was it. I never went to D.C. And I obviously never checked the sources that
whoever did this
research was able to check. So I stand corrected." Section 19
challenged Mr. Hubbard's claim that he (Mr. Hubbard) had been made
a blood brother of the Blackfeet Indian tribe. Yet just recently that nation
Hubbard's 70th anniversary as a blood brother.
account of Mr. Hubbard's career in the Navy is given by L. Fletcher Prouty,
former senior US intelligence officer with the Pentagon.
who joined the Army just a month before Mr. Hubbard joined the Navy,
is experienced in reading and understanding military and intelligence records.
There is an
intelligence process called "sheep dipping," wherein additional or
cover files are created which
mask the true activities of the intelligence operative. Mr. Prouty's knowledge
is based on
firsthand experience in creating such files.
of Mr. Hubbard's files shows that there are at least two and more likely
three separate and different files in existence: a "false" file
created by the Navy; a personnel
file; and a file which contains Mr. Hubbard's true activities as an
intelligence officer. It is this
last file which appears missing and therefore there is an incomplete record of
examples are provided in Mr. Prouty's affidavit. Section 20
Hubbard's medical history, Mr. Prouty points out that Mr. Hubbard's
Notice of Separation paper indicates he was awarded the Purple Heart twice.
The Purple Heart
is awarded only to those wounded in action.
document from the US Naval Hospital in Oakland covers Mr. Hubbard's
condition following the war:
very poor..." "Lame in right hip from service connected injury.
bone... all service connected."
In sum, Mr.
Hubbard's past is exactly what he stated it is and Breckenridge was
completely misled by Armstrong's false claims.
achievements completely belie Armstrong's allegations and
Breckenridge's forwarding of them. Through hundreds of books and literally
articles and lectures, L. Ron Hubbard communicated and taught the methods
which today are
used by millions to improve their own lives and the lives of those around
them. His career spans
more than 50 years during which he produced over 530 published works which
have sold more
than 100 million copies in more than two dozen languages. In developing the
philosophy of Scientology, he delivered and recorded over 6,000 lectures. In
country, he has received wide acclaim for his accomplishments in bettering
Of the more
than 2,400 awards, recognitions, plaques, proclamations and letters of
recognition L. Ron Hubbard has received for his writings and humanitarian
work, the following
are most notable:
Award for Battlefield Earth awarded by the Academy of Science Fiction,
Fantasy & Horror Films.
D'Oro Award, a cultural award in Italy, awarded to L. Ron Hubbard
as a world-renowned author contributing to the culture and peace of Earth.
In 1988 a
plaque was awarded to L. Ron Hubbard by Publishers Weekly to applaud
him for the release of his international bestseller in paperback, Mission
Earth [Vol 1],
considered a masterwork.
In the same
year, The Publishers Weekly Century Award was conferred upon L. Ron
Hubbard. It was awarded to commemorate the appearance of Dianetics on the
bestseller list for 100 consecutive weeks.
The Sol de Oro
(Golden Sun) award for Dianetics from the National Association of
Journalists in Mexico City. This award is given to personalities with
in the fields of communication, art and culture.
Laurel for Human Sciences award, given to L. Ron Hubbard as a man
of literature, an author and a humanitarian. Awarded for contributions to the
betterment of the
French Culture and its Community.
2000 award, a French science fiction prize, awarded in 1989.
science fiction award. The Nova SF award was granted to L. Ron Hubbard
posthumously for his contribution to Italian science fiction. L. Ron Hubbard
is the only
non-Italian writer awarded.
(Golden Tie) award is presented once a year for outstanding achievement
in the field of the arts by the French National Federation for Culture. The
Golden Tie was
awarded to L. Ron Hubbard as a writer for a lifetime of work in the
enhancement of culture.
The Gold Medal
from the Academy of Arts,Sciences and Letters in France was
awarded to L. Ron Hubbard in 1990 for all his literary works and achievements.
was formed in 1915 as an academical society for education' and enlightenment
patronship of the famous French Academy, the most important literary
institution in France.
This medal is
given to the highest personalities in the fields of arts, sciences, literature
In 1992, the
prestigious State University of Moscow conferred a posthumous doctorate
of literature upon Mr. Hubbard. Section 21
FALSEHOOD IN FINDINGS BY JUDGE BRECKENRIDGE:
of culling supposedly confidential [counseling folders or files] to obtain
information for purposes of intimidation and/or harassment is repugnant and
is not part of Scientology religious counseling. The Auditors Code, which
binds all auditors and is the senior policy concerning Scientology counseling,
obligation on the auditor to maintain strict confidentiality on all
information divulged during
auditing. Such information is protected by priest-penitent privilege.
decision, Breckenridge referred to a Guardian's Office policy letter written
Mary Sue Hubbard which had allegedly authorized the practice of culling
counseling folders. Any such directive is not part of the Scientology
scriptures and was long ago
above, the Guardian's Office was disbanded by current Church
management when it was found to have veered wildly off Church policies as laid
down by Mr.
In May 1992,
Mr. David Miscavige, chairman of the board of the Religious Technology
Center which has final responsibility for ensuring the purity of application
testified that he had personally removed Mary Sue Hubbard from her position at
the head of the
Guardian's Office. Following her removal, Mr. Miscavige and other senior
restructured the external-facing activities of the Church from scratch and
within the overall management structure of Scientology. Section 22